Human skin is prone to blemishes of all kinds. Blemishes don’t cause any harm to the human system, but it is still important to know the symptoms, causes, treatment, and mechanism of different types of blemishes. Any spots, marks, or discoloration on the skin are called blemishes. Blemish appears as a change in the color of skin which is mostly painless. In some people, it causes anxiety because of the fact of not being able to hide them.
Blemishes appear on the skin when the human body secretes excessive melanin and results in darker flat patches. These patches are of different shapes, colors, and sizes. The color of these patches ranges from light brown to black. They can also be white, pale, and reddish, but the cause will be different. Read on to find different types of blemishes, their causes, and their treatment.
Causes of blemishes
- Viruses. Some types of blemishes, such as cold sores, are caused by viruses like HSV-1.
- Infections. Some types of skin infections lead to blemishes, such as fungal infections.
- Genetics. Certain hereditary conditions also form blemishes on your skin, such as in darier disease, adult type 3 GM1 gangliosidosis, and Fabry disease.
- Sun exposure. Exposure to the sun for a long time can damage the skin tissues and cause blemishes.
- Clogged pores. The hormonal changes produce excessive secretions from the sebaceous gland, which causes pimples, pustules, cysts, and acne.
- Age. Older people are more prone to skin blemishes because the skin becomes thin and fragile.
- Diet. Eating allergic food can irritate your skin and cause dermatitis, which forms red spots on your skin.
What are the types of blemishes?
Melasma is the appearance of a dark spot near the forehead and on the cheeks. Its appearance is very common in pregnancy and menopause due to hormonal changes. These changes irritate the melanocytes and cause darkness in specific areas of your face. The condition becomes worse when a person spent a lot of time in the sun.
How to treat melasma?
The high-quality sunscreen with maximum protection can prove helpful in preventing and treating melanoma. Avoid prolonged exposure to the sun, entering the hot cars parked in the sun, and using the oven. Hydroquinone is also helpful in lightening the skin tone but avoid using it for more than four weeks. Other treatment option includes Vitanol A and creams with acids like Klassis and Adapalene.
The spots caused by the sun are more common in people with light and dark brown skin. Sunspots are also common in people who work in the sun or expose to the sun for a long time without sunscreen. The most affected parts of the body are the hands, arm, face, and neck. Human skin is more prone to sunspots after 40 years of age.
How to treat sunspots?
The superficial and lighter spots can remove by regular exfoliation after every week. When the condition is severe, and you have a significant number of blemishes, you should seek medical help. The persistent spots might be a sign of cancer, and the only doctor can differentiate between the two. Typical sunspots tightening creams are a good option, but the aesthetic treatment of blemishes like a laser, pulsed light, and peeling also give a great outcome.
Dermatitis represents by the red spots on the skin caused due to allergy. The spots that appear due to allergy cause itching on the skin and appear after ingesting allergic food such as shrimp and strawberries, after applying products on the skin like creams and lotion, after using lousy quality cosmetics, and when skin is in contact with objects like necklace and rings.
How to treat allergy spots?
It is recommended to apply corticosteroid-based cream two times per day until the symptoms start to vanish. You should consult the dermatologist to find out the cause of the allergy so you can avoid it next time.
Mycosis or Pityriasis Versicolor
Mycosis is among the types of blemishes characterized by a white spot on the skin caused by fungus. The fungal infection forms several small white spots on your skin. This fungus lives on the surface of human skin naturally, but when the human immune system is compromised, this fungus proliferates the human skin and causes white spots.
How to treat mycosis?
It is recommended to take any anti-fungal medicine two times per day until the symptoms start to vanish. In case when this fungal infection spreads to a large area of the skin, then oral anti-fungal medication will help you, such as fluconazole.
Blemish caused by lemon
When human skin interacts with lemon and is simultaneously exposed to the sun, the skin reacts, and a minor dark blemish appears on the skin. This type of blemish mainly occurs on the hands.
How to treat blemish caused by lemon?
After feeling this reaction, you should wash your hands or affected area of skin thoroughly and use cream with hydroquinone 3 to 4 times per day. Applying sunblock on the affected area before exposing it to the sun can also help heal blemishes.
The diabetic rash is a type of blemish, known as Acanthosis nigricans, and is found in people who are insulin resistant. Common places of occurrence are the neck, skin folds, underarms, and under the breast.
How to treat a diabetic rash?
The treatment of blemishes like diabetic rash highly depends on the cause of inflammation, so it is recommended to visit the dermatologist for a proper suggestion. If you have this rash due to obesity, consider losing weight; it will help you eliminate this rash.
You will find white patches on your skin areas like hands, feet, knees, elbows, and face in this disease. The actual cause of this type of blemish is unknown. It can affect a person of any age and skin color.
How to treat vitiligo?
Topical steroids are prescribed to stop the spread of white patches. Moreover, people with white skin should use sunblock before exposing to the sun because light skin is more prone to cancer.
Acne often leaves many spots on the skin, especially if it is severe.
How to treat acne spots?
Many treatments are available to treat acne spots like lactic acid, retinoids, and salicylic acid. Moreover, a renowned remedy for even skin tone is rosehip oil. When your acne is no more, then you can opt for other treatments like micro-needling and laser.
All the blemishes are caused by different factors and act differently. If you don’t know the type of blemish you have, it would be very different for you to treat it. Consult a dermatologist for the exact type and cause of blemishes so you can do proper treatment of blemishes and get rid of them as soon as possible.
STAY AWARE, STAY HEALTHY.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is blemish-prone skin?
Oily skin is blemish-prone skin because it has the ability to develop pimples and acne more easily than people with dry skin. The people with lighter skin tone and dark brown skin tone also have blemish-prone skin. Many other factors contribute to the occurrence of blemishes on the skin including genetics, age, infection, clogged pores, stress, and diet.
Is acne and blemishes the same?
Acne and blemishes are not the same terms. Acne can be included in types of blemishes but blemishes also have other forms. Acne is the small bumps that typically appear on the face and back. On the other hand, blemishes are the flat spots that appear anywhere on the body.
What is an example of a blemish?
The classical example of a blemish is acne spots, the red spots you are left with when acne or pimple is gone. Acne spots are the most common type of blemish that mostly occurs in a teenager due to hormonal changes. Another good example of a blemish is the dark brown spots you get because of melanoma.
Can blemishes go away?
Yes, blemishes can go away. It takes time for darker spot to become light and then completely go away. It takes between 3 months to 2 year for any type of blemish to cure completely.