Diabetes Mellitus is a very common disease and affecting the whole world.Once people are diagnosed with any type of diabetes they become curious about their life expectancy with diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes affects the life span more than type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes develops slowly and so harms your body slowly. Many people come with the question, “How long I live with diabetes?“
Honestly speaking there is no accurate answer to this question because it depends on your lifestyle and the way you manage your condition.
It also depends on how early your condition will be diagnosed regardless of the type of diabetes.
What is the life expectancy of diabetic people?
According to an estimate of diabetes UK, the life expectancy with type 2 diabetes is lowered by 10 years due to many risk factors associated with it like cardiovascular diseases, age, overweight, family history, etc.
The most likely cause of death in type 2 diabetes is cardiovascular disease. On the other hand, life expectancy with type 1 diabetes is lowered by 20 years.
In present times, due to good medication, improved technology, and a better lifestyle, the life expectancy of diabetes is raised significantly.
Comparison of life expectancy with diabetes in Men and Women
WOMEN MEN 20-24 51.6 45.9 25-29 47.1 42.0 30-34 43.6 37.7 35-39 39.7 34.0 40-44 35.6 29.9 45-49 31.6 26.2 50-54 27.8 22.8 55-59 23.9 19.6 60-64 20.5 16.7
How does diabetic life expectancy compare with normal people?
According to the center for disease control and prevention, the life expectancy at birth is:
- 77 years for males
- 81 years for females
In 2016 CDC (center of disease control and prevention) reported that every 25 of 1,00,000 people in the USA is died because of diabetes or diabetes-related risk factors.
What are the causes of shorter life expectancy with diabetes?
Anything that poorer the diabetic condition and increase the risk of getting it also affects the life expectancy in diabetes.
Many reasons allow the diabetic complication to set in, such as:
- Kidney diseases
- Heart diseases
- Sedentary lifestyle
- High cholesterol level
As early as a person is diagnosed with diabetes the lesser the risk of getting complications associated with diabetes.
Healthy lifestyle changes can help you a lot to reverse the risk factors linked with type 2 and type 1 diabetes.
How can you increase your life expectancy with diabetes?
Strictly controlling your blood sugar is a key to controlling diabetes. Many researchers claim that there is 44 percent reduction in risk of death in diabetes by every 10 percent reduction in blood sugar level.
Strictly monitor your blood sugar levels and take proper medications to bring it in the normal range and increase your survival.
Many tips will help you in increasing your lifespan with diabetes, such as:
- Regular exercise
- Healthy lifestyle
- Manage stress
- Stop smoking
- Monitor your sugar levels
- Follow a diet plan
If you avoid sweet food or foods with high sugar content and eat a diet composed of complex carbohydrates, vegetables, and fruits you will see a positive change in your diabetes.
According to a study published in September 2017 in the British Medical Journal suggested that maintaining a good weight and lowering blood sugar levels can reverse type 2 diabetes.
The Center for disease control and prevention suggests doing three hours of exercise every week.
According to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, intensive control on blood sugar level by the proper dosage of insulin at the proper time will avoid early deaths.
Another study published in 2015 in the New England Journal of Medicine concluded that awareness, screening, and proper medication reduce the risk of death associated with type 2 diabetes.
Which type of diabetes is more serious?
In 2016 as mentioned earlier life expectancy of people with type 1 diabetes is lesser than people with type 2 diabetes. But according to recent studies, people with type 1 diabetes have significantly improved the lifespan to 85 years.
Generally, type 2 diabetes develops more slowly than type 1 diabetes and is diagnosed after the signs of diabetic complications. But it is wrong to say that one type of diabetes is more dangerous than the other type because both types of diabetes have bad effects on human health.
Overall life expectancy with type 2 diabetes is greater than type 1 diabetes. Due to improved lifestyle and disease control, the life expectancy with diabetes is almost equal to non-diabetic people. Females will live longer with diabetes than males.
STAY AWARE, STAY HEALTHY.